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Central Sleep Apnea

Central Sleep Apnea

Central Sleep Apnea Treatment in Bangladesh. Risk Factors, and Causes

A common sleep problem called sleep apnea is characterized by breathing pauses while you’re asleep. Although obstructive sleep apnea is more prevalent, central sleep apnea (CSA) is a less common kind that has to be treated with specific care. The diagnosis and central sleep apnea treatment have advanced at Sleep Center in Bangladesh, providing those with the condition with hope and relief. This blog examines the state of central sleep apnea therapy in Bangladesh and the choices open to those in need of assistance.

Understanding Central Sleep Apnea

The main reason for central sleep apnea is the brain’s inability to appropriately communicate with the breathing muscles. As opposed to obstructive sleep apnea, which is characterized by a clogged airway, CSA is a neurological condition that throws off the body’s normal breathing pattern. In order to avoid problems and improve general health, CSA must be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible.

Risk Factors of CSA

It’s important to note that having one or more risk factors does not guarantee that an individual will develop central sleep apnea, but it increases the likelihood. Here are some common risk factors associated with CSA:

Heart Disorders

CSA is more common in those with specific cardiac disorders, such as congestive heart failure (CHF), atrial fibrillation, or other cardiovascular problems.


It is more common in older adults, and the risk tends to increase with age.

Male Gender

Women are less likely than males to suffer from sleep apnea, especially central sleep apnea. But after menopause, women may be at higher risk.

Family History

A family history of sleep apnea or related respiratory disorders may contribute to an individual’s risk.

Stroke or Brain Injury

A history of stroke or traumatic brain injury can affect the respiratory control centers in the brain and lead to CSA.

Major Causes of CSA

The causes of CSA are multifactorial and may include both physiological and neurological components. The following are some typical reasons:

Heart Disorders

The fundamental cause of sleep apnea is congestive heart failure (CHF). Breathing control may be affected by changes in heart function.

Neurological Conditions

Diseases or injuries affecting the central nervous system, particularly the brainstem, can disrupt the neural signals responsible for regulating breathing. Conditions such as strokes, encephalitis, or tumors in the brain may contribute to CSA.

Cheyne-Stokes Respiration

This is a specific breathing pattern characterized by cyclic changes in breathing depth and periods of apnea. It is often associated with heart failure and can contribute to central sleep apnea.

High Altitude

Exposure to high altitudes can trigger central sleep apnea, especially in individuals who are not acclimated to such conditions.

Brainstem Disorders

Damage or dysfunction in the brainstem, which is crucial for controlling respiratory function, can lead to central sleep apnea.

Central Sleep Apnea Treatment in Bangladesh

Sleep Center BD is specialized in Central Sleep Apnea Treatment in Bangladesh. We offer comprehensive services, including diagnosis, consultation, and ongoing support for patients. Here are some of treatments which can be benifited from Central Sleep Apnea:

Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) Therapy

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) or Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure (BiPAP) machines are commonly prescribed for central sleep apnea. Sleep Center provides both CPAP Therapy and BiPAP.


Certain medications, such as acetazolamide or theophylline, may be prescribed in some cases to stimulate respiratory drive or address underlying issues contributing to central sleep apnea.

Lifestyle Modifications

Improved sleep patterns may be attributed to lifestyle modifications such as controlling weight, engaging in regular exercise, and abstaining from alcohol and sedatives before bedtime.

Oxygen Therapy

Supplemental oxygen may be recommended, especially in cases where low oxygen levels are observed during sleep.

Positional Therapy

Encouraging individuals to sleep in specific positions may help alleviate central sleep apnea symptoms.


In rare cases, surgical interventions may be considered, particularly if there are anatomical issues contributing to central sleep apnea.


In conclusion, addressing central sleep apnea in Bangladesh requires a multi-faceted approach. From increasing awareness to enhancing treatment accessibility, collective efforts can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals affected by this sleep disorder.

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